When we think of mushrooms and the southern Mexico condition of Oaxaca, the initial point which historically comes to mind is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But little by little that is all shifting as a consequence of the groundbreaking operate of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, through their organization, Mico-lógica.
Primarily based in the village of Benito Juárez, found in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (a lot more frequently known as the Sierra Norte, the state’s major ecotourism location), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to train equally Mexicans and site visitors to the nation in the reduced-cost cultivation of a range of mushroom species to educate about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) benefit of mushrooms and to perform ongoing research relating to the best possible climatic regions and the diversity of substrata for mushroom lifestyle.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in simple fact to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Sure, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my curiosity in mushrooms would seem like a lengthy way to travel,” Mathieu discussed in a latest interview in Oaxaca. “But there really was not significantly of an opportunity to perform reports and develop a organization in Western Europe,” he continues, “considering that reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but entirely eradicated by The Church in excess of the system of generations and I realized that Mexico nevertheless maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary value of hongos. Mexico is much from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is much more than a 5 hour push from the closest metropolitan center. Accordingly, Mathieu ultimately realized that being in Huautla, although holding an historic allure and being in a geographic location conducive to functioning with mushrooms, would hinder his endeavours to develop a business and cultivate widespread desire in finding out about fungi. Mathieu became cognizant of the burgeoning reputation of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held annually in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu satisfied Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom event. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Town in 2002. The two shared similar passions Jiménez experienced studied agronomy, and for near to a 10 years experienced been functioning with sustainable agriculture tasks in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez grew to become business, and then existence associates in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on a few mushroom species in their hands-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also training a fair little bit about the medicinal utilizes of mushrooms, so a lot more time is essential,” claims Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it truly is predominantly [but not completely] a training course on cultivation.”
Even though coaching seminars are now only provided in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez strategy to broaden functions to contain equally the central valleys and coastal areas of Oaxaca. The item is to have a network of producers increasing distinct mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation based mostly on the specific microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and hence as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to distinct climatic areas is impressive. “The oyster can be developed in a multitude of various substrata, and that is what we are experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when developed on goods which would normally be squander, such as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (such as the fibrous waste developed in mezcal distillation), peas, the typical river reed identified as carriso, sawdust, and the listing goes on. Agricultural squander which could otherwise be remaining to rot or be burned, each with adverse environmental implications, can form substrata for mushroom cultivation. It must be famous, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a hugely sustainable, eco-friendly sector. In excess of the past a number of several years Mexico has in simple fact been at the fore in several locations of sustainable market.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can provide an arguably even increased environmental good:
“They can keep up to thirty thousand times their mass, having implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been used to clean up oil spills via absorption and thus are an critical vehicle for habitat restoration. Research has been carried out with mushrooms in the struggle towards carpenter ant destruction it really is been recommended that the use of fungi has the likely to totally revamp the pesticide business in an environmentally helpful way. There are actually hundreds of other eco-welcoming programs for mushroom use, and in each case the mushroom remains an edible by-item. Take a search at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Techniques Mushrooms Can Save The Globe.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can usually be located promoting their goods on weekends in the natural markets in Oaxaca. They’re each a lot more than satisfied to discuss the nutritional value of their goods which variety from normally their new mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with either chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 are not able to be found in fruits or greens, and accordingly a diet which consists of fungi is extremely crucial for vegetarians who cannot get B12, most typically contained in meats. Mushrooms can effortlessly be a substitute for meats, with the benefit that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones typically found in industrially processed meat goods.
Mico-lógica also promote teas and extracts produced from diverse mushroom species, each formulated as possibly a dietary supplement, or for their medicinal homes. While neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological track record to prescribe mycological treatment method for significant conditions, Mathieu’s personal analysis factors to the medicinal use of mushrooms dating from pre-background, to the existing. He notes properties of mushrooms which can aid to restore the immune technique, and thus the use of fungi as a enhance in the therapy of most cancers and AIDS, and their utility in managing diabetes and dealing with high cholesterol.
“We should all be embracing the natural creation of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It really is so simple, it includes a minimal money expense, and it offers important rewards, equally for those ingesting hongos for nutritional and medicinal causes, and for the producers, even small scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Nevertheless most of the dried mushrooms sold in Mexico are imported from China, and are not organic and natural. Canada shrooms is a genuine disgrace on many ranges.”June 18, 2020