When we consider of mushrooms and the southern Mexico state of Oaxaca, the initial thing which usually will come to brain is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But little by little that is all modifying as a end result of the groundbreaking function of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, via their organization, Mico-lógica.
Based mostly in the village of Benito Juárez, found in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (far more commonly identified as the Sierra Norte, the state’s primary ecotourism location), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to train both Mexicans and website visitors to the place in the low-cost cultivation of a assortment of mushroom species to educate about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) worth of mushrooms and to conduct ongoing investigation regarding the best possible climatic areas and the variety of substrata for mushroom culture.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in truth to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Indeed, coming all the way to Mexico from France to go after my fascination in mushrooms seems like a long way to vacation,” Mathieu discussed in a current job interview in Oaxaca. “But there really was not much of an chance to conduct reports and expand a organization in Western Europe,” he continues, “because reverence for mushrooms experienced been all but fully eradicated by The Church above the system of centuries and I learned that Mexico nonetheless maintains a regard and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary value of hongos. Mexico is significantly from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is much more than a 5 hour generate from the closest metropolitan middle. Appropriately, Mathieu ultimately understood that keeping in Huautla, whilst keeping an historic attract and being in a geographic region conducive to working with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to increase a business and cultivate widespread curiosity in learning about fungi. Mathieu turned cognizant of the burgeoning track record of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and in fact the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom competition), held every year in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu achieved Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom event. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Metropolis in 2002. The two shared similar pursuits Jiménez experienced researched agronomy, and for close to a decade had been doing work with sustainable agriculture initiatives in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez grew to become enterprise, and then lifestyle partners in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on 3 mushroom species in their palms-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one particular-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-working day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we are also training a truthful bit about the medicinal utilizes of mushrooms, so a lot more time is needed,” states Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it’s predominantly [but not completely] a course on cultivation.”
While training seminars are now only offered in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez plan to expand operations to incorporate each the central valleys and coastal areas of Oaxaca. The object is to have a network of producers developing various mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation based on the particular microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and as a result as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to diverse climatic areas is impressive. “The oyster can be developed in a multitude of distinct substrata, and that is what we are experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can prosper when grown on products which would in any other case be squander, this sort of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (including the fibrous waste made in mezcal distillation), peas, the widespread river reed acknowledged as carriso, sawdust, and the listing goes on. Agricultural squander which might normally be still left to rot or be burned, every with adverse environmental implications, can form substrata for mushroom cultivation. It must be observed, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a very sustainable, environmentally friendly business. Above the past a number of years Mexico has in truth been at the fore in a lot of places of sustainable sector.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can provide an arguably even increased environmental great:
“They can keep up to 30 thousand times their mass, possessing implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been utilised to clean up oil spills by way of absorption and thus are an important vehicle for habitat restoration. Research has been done with mushrooms in the battle towards carpenter ant destruction it truly is been recommended that the use of fungi has the prospective to entirely revamp the pesticide industry in an environmentally pleasant way. There are actually hundreds of other eco-helpful purposes for mushroom use, and in every single situation the mushroom remains an edible by-item. Just take a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, 6 Approaches Mushrooms Can Save The World.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can often be located offering their products on weekends in the organic marketplaces in Oaxaca. They’re equally far more than content to go over the nutritional worth of their items which variety from normally their new mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with either chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can’t be found in fruits or veggies, and appropriately a diet which contains fungi is very critical for vegetarians who can’t get B12, most typically contained in meats. magic mushrooms can simply be a substitute for meats, with the benefit that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones typically identified in industrially processed meat goods.
Mico-lógica also offer teas and extracts manufactured from diverse mushroom species, every formulated as possibly a dietary complement, or for their medicinal houses. Although neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological qualifications to prescribe mycological therapy for critical illnesses, Mathieu’s very own study factors to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-heritage, to the present. He notes homes of mushrooms which can aid to restore the immune system, and therefore the use of fungi as a complement in the therapy of most cancers and AIDS, and their utility in managing diabetes and treating higher cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the natural production of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It truly is so effortless, it includes a nominal capital expenditure, and it offers significant benefits, each for these ingesting hongos for dietary and medicinal reasons, and for the producers, even small scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. But most of the dried mushrooms sold in Mexico are imported from China, and are not natural and organic. It really is a real disgrace on quite a few amounts.”April 26, 2020